Sexually Transmitted Diseases often have several stigmas associated with them, one being that they only affect the genitals. In reality, the symptoms can appear on an individual's skin, making a dermatologist an integral part of STD. Dr Vedant Ghuse - a skin specialist in Ghatkopar highlights that people often relate STDs to a gynecologist or a urologist but fail to understand that STD manifestations can also be easily recognised by dermatologists who can treat them comprehensively.
Around 6% of India’s population is affected by STDs every year. In certain cases, especially in men, the symptoms are often mild and are even asymptomatic. Hence, sexually active individuals must be tested from time to time.
There are several STDs treated by dermatologists and some of the common ones are as follows:
One of the common types of STIs, genital warts is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). They affect the moist tissues of the genital area and appear in the form of small skin-coloured bumps. The bumps are often small and may resemble a cauliflower.
HSV is a common infection which involves ulcers and painful blisters. The infection is primarily spread through skin-to-skin contact and can be treated, not cured.
The symptoms of syphilis often appear three or six weeks later and can take the shape of large, open sores on the mouth and lips. The sores can also appear inside the mouth or on the tongue. If left untreated, syphilis can cause a reddish rash all over the body and may even be life-threatening.
No treatment can cause serious health problems and the disease can cause permanent damage to several parts of your body such as muscles, brain, heart, bones, and eyes.
Famously known as the ‘silent infection’, chlamydia is one of the common STDs that show no or mild symptoms during the early stage. Symptoms during the later stages include vaginal discharge, genital inflammation, or pain during urination. Chlamydia can also affect the eyes, taking the form of a pink eye which may advance to blindness if left untreated.
Dr Vedant Ghuse - a skin and hair specialist doctor in Chembur states that dermatologists are adept to recognise and treat STDs. The two main courses of treatment involve antiviral drugs and antibiotics.
Although, anti-viral medication cannot cure viruses like Herpes or HIV, however, they can significantly help in managing the symptoms. Early detection is key.
People affected by a sexually transmitted disease may have mild symptoms or may be asymptomatic. Therefore, it is necessary to get tested at regular intervals. Furthermore, it is imperative to follow safe sex practices and spread the knowledge to stop the spread of STDs. Connect with Dr Vedant Ghuse - the best skin specialist in Chembur to learn more about STDs and the best ways to prevent them.